The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland that, although many do not take it into account, plays a very important role in health by being responsible for producing hormones to regulate the body’s metabolic processes.
Thyroid function influences the regulation of body temperature, the rate at which the heart works, the state of mind and the metabolic rate, which determines how fast a person burns the calories they consume.
In summary, the proper functioning of this gland is broadly related to health in general. Therefore, any alteration in its functioning can generate a hormonal imbalance that can lead to the development of different diseases and disorders.
What are the most common thyroid gland problems?
The main thyroid disorders gland problems are:
Hypothyroidism: Occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones. This causes an imbalance in the body that can generate the following symptoms:
- Fatigue and depression.
- Feeling cold.
- Muscle pain.
- Slow thinking or difficulty concentrating
- Digestive problems and constipation.
- Menstrual periods more abundant and long.
- Sudden weight gain.
- Dry and brittle skin, hair and nails.
Hyperthyroidism: This is a case contrary to the previous one. It occurs when an excessive amount of thyroid hormones is produced. It produces the following symptoms:
- Tremors, nervousness, irritability.
- The sensation of heat.
- Accelerated and irregular heart rhythm.
- Muscle weakness and fatigue.
- Most frequent evacuations.
- Less abundant menstrual periods.
- Sudden weight loss.
- Hair loss.
- Bulging eyes.
What are the habits that can cause alterations in the thyroid gland?
Thyroid gland problems are mainly due to autoimmune disorders, genetics and the use of some medications. Read more: Discover how to prepare chia water with lemon to lose weight
Several studies have been able to determine that there is a relationship between the practice of some habits and the greater risk of suffering from thyroid problems. This, in turn, directly affects the metabolism of the body and health in general.
For the modern lifestyle, many people have fallen into a sedentary lifestyle and have put their health at high risk. The lack of daily physical activity can lead to an alteration of the thyroid, as is the case of hypothyroidism.
Dedicate at least 30 minutes a day to exercise and avoid sitting for a long time or lying down.
Excessive caffeine consumption
Many people can not start their day without having a cup of coffee, and this is not bad. What no health expert recommends is taking exaggerated amounts of this or any other food that contains caffeine, as this can cause alterations in the body, such as thyroid problems.
Avoid excessive consumption of coffee and tea and choose to drink more water and natural juices.
Drinking too much alcohol alters thyroid function and can lead to disorders such as hypothyroidism.
Avoid this type of drinks or if consumed, do it in moderation.
The cigarette and its smoke contain toxic substances such as thiocyanate, which can cause serious problems in the thyroid, especially in those people who have some risk factor.
Most worrisome is that people who have the habit of smoking have more difficulty controlling thyroid problems compared to those who do not smoke.
The smoker should do everything possible to quit this habit to improve their quality of life and control the problem. In addition, those who do not smoke should avoid being close to people who do.
Iodine deficiency is one of the main causes of thyroid problems, especially hypothyroidism. This element is necessary for the gland to produce thyroid hormones and work properly.
Increase iodine consumption through a diet that includes foods such as:
Garlic and onion.
Dairy products such as yogurt, milk, and cheese.
The endocrine system is sensitive to physical and emotional stress and, when these are very intense, can cause thyroid alteration.
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